Family medicine practice is the medical specialty concerned with comprehensive health care for the entire family or for the individual. It is the specialty that involves biological, behavioral and clinical sciences. The scope of family practice is not limited by the severity of the conditions, diseases or gender. The family practice physician manages all your health care needs whether you are ill or well. With an emphasis on disease prevention or long-term continuing care the physician serve you and your entire family – from toddlers, infants, school-going children, teens, young adults, adults, seniors or pregnant women.
Trained in different areas of medicines, family physicians can diagnose and treat various ranges of problems that the patient typically brings. Family medicine is a three-dimensional specialty integrating- knowledge, skill and process. They know how to care for you, and if necessary can also suggests specialist you can trust. They are expert in preventing and treating acute illness and effectively helping people to manage severe medical problems. They coordinate and guide you through what can be confusing and fragmented health care system. Regular meeting with the family physicians can reduce the overall costs of health care and improve the overall health of the people they serve.
Family physicians are the backbone of the community health system and are trained to provide care through all the stages of your life focusing on integrated care. Today, family physicians provide majority of care in many underserved rural and urban populations. In fact, without them, the rural and underserved populations lack access to primary care most of the time. As a part of the residency, they also participate in integrated inpatient and outpatient learning and receive training in major medical areas including gynaecology, Pediatrics and obstetrics.
When anyone has a non-emergency health concern, they often see a family physician first. They immediately screen for early signs of serious conditions such as cancer. The majority of the patients develop a long-standing relationship with their family physician and often regard them as ‘MY DOCTOR’. With the passage of time, the family physicians learn a great deal about the patient’s health history and medical needs. This helps in preventing several health problems and reducing health risks, which are key elements of family medicine. They ask several questions in order to assess the patient’s overall health. They try to depict the biological, emotional, social and historical factors contributing to a patient’s condition. Through this practice, the physician can come to a correct diagnosis, even when the patient’s symptoms are common or undefined.
Family physicians usually care for their patients in different environments, including home, underserved by other medical providers, hospitals, nursing homes, community health centres, emergency departments, schools, urgent care centres, rural areas or areas of socioeconomic deprivation. Of all the primary care specialities, family doctors provide the maximum care and nearly managing one-fourth of all primary care visits. The physicians spend nearly 50 to 55 hours per week managing their practice and caring for the patients. Generally, they spend more time on patient related activities rather than any other speciality just like family practice clinic in Texas. Family medicine is an extremely promising career and an ideal choice for students who want to know about their patient as much as they want to know their diagnoses.
Research shows that countries that primarily focus on primary care have better health outcomes at lower cost. In addition to preventive care, they are also involved in routine check-ups of their patients, health-risk assessment, screening tests, immunization or personalized counselling on maintaining a healthy lifestyle. They also receive instruction in many other areas such as radiology, urology, geriatrics, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, emergency medicines or orthopaedics. The physicians usually see anyone with any problem, but are experts in common problems. Family physicians have an unprecedented opportunity to have an immense impact on the health of an individual patient over that person’s entire family.